Researcher Judith Lind has studied how staff at fertility clinics view the assessments that childless couples and women undergo in order to access assisted reproduction. It emerges in the interviews that the assessment of the potential parents is based on the child’s future welfare and on the responsible use of public resources. In Sweden, childless
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 2 2020 A UCLA research team has identified a new paradigm for understanding the regulation of the immune system, potentially paving the way for new approaches to treating infections and immune-related diseases such as type 1 diabetes and certain cancers. The laboratory findings, reported in the vol. 217 no. 8.
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 4 2020 Most children with rare genetic diseases spend years undergoing medical tests and waiting for a diagnosis — a long, exhausting process that takes its toll on children and their families. Almost half of these children never get a definitive diagnosis. Now an international team led by scientists and
Gastrointestinal infection with Campylobacter plays a major role in the stunting of children in urban Bangladesh, say the authors of a new study. The bacteria Campylobacter, which people get from contaminated food and drinks, can lead to severe diarrhoea. Infections of Campylobacter in children under the age of two years are especially frequent in developing
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 4 2020 Next-generation sequencing of the COVID-19 virus is providing powerful metagenomic data, which, combined with clinical data, will inform the search for effective treatments, as reported in the peer-reviewed journal Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology. Continued genomic and epigenomic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 is critical, as it can be used
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 4 2020 Infants born prematurely may require parenteral or intravenous nutrition to provide the necessary nourishment, as their digestive system is immature and cannot digest nutrients. However, prolonged parenteral nutrition is associated with complications, including cholestasis, or lack of bile flow from the liver into the small intestine, which leads
A distinguished panel of medical experts, state and federal health officials, and congenital heart disease parent advocates published recommended updates to the current American Academy of Pediatrics’ protocol for detecting critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborn babies using pulse oximetry. The recommendations were released online by the journal Pediatrics. Updates include: In less than
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 3 2020 Lockdowns implemented across the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic have negatively impacted diet, sleep and physical activity among children with obesity, according to University at Buffalo research. The study, published in April in Obesity, examined 41 overweight children under confinement throughout March and April in Verona, Italy.
Head injuries that lead to concussions can happen at any age, and children impacted by concussions have different needs and recovery patterns. In a new study, researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have performed the most comprehensive characterization of elementary school-age concussions to date, revealing an opportunity to improve outcomes for this age group
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 3 2020 Following positive preliminary data, Octapharma USA is extending funding for an investigator-initiated study (IIS) focused on treating the most critical patients at the heart of the coronavirus pandemic, those experiencing hypoxia and who are at the highest risk of requiring mechanical ventilation. The research is led by infectious
A study of teens diagnosed with the vaping-linked respiratory disease EVALI revealed that most also had gastrointestinal symptoms and a history of psychosocial factors, including substance abuse, UT Southwestern researchers found in one of the first clinical reviews of its kind. The investigation, published online by Pediatrics, described the treatment of 13 adolescents for vaping-related
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 2 2020 Seattle Children’s Research Institute, one of the top pediatric research institutions in the world, and global biotechnology leader CSL Behring announced a strategic alliance to develop stem cell gene therapies for primary immunodeficiency diseases. Initially, the alliance will focus on the development of treatment options for patients with
A group of researchers led by Pinar Mesci from the University of California San Diego, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego, Department of Cellular & Molecular Medicine, have studied the effects of an antiviral drug Sofosbuvir on human brain organoids infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 2 2020 An explosion in the number and types of immune cells in the lungs of newborn mice likely helps them adapt to breathing and protects them from infection, says a new study published today in eLife. The findings, from Stanford University and Stanford School of Medicine, US, provide detailed
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 1 2020 Pregnant women who take extra choline supplements may mitigate the negative impact that viral respiratory infections, including COVID-19, can have on their babies, according to a new study from researchers in the Departments of Psychiatry and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. Choline
In the U.S., our children rarely fall ill to grave infections because they are protected by vaccines. Serious illnesses like measles, mumps, congenital rubella syndrome, chickenpox, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, rotavirus diarrhea, hepatitis (A and B), polio and bacterial meningitis are all preventable through routine childhood vaccinations. It is not magic that keeps our children
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 1 2020 JUUL and similar pod-based e-cigarettes have been popular with teenagers and young adults since they came on the market in 2015, but little has been known about their health effects. A new systematic review led by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health found that while
Children and adolescents are likely to experience high rates of depression and anxiety long after current lockdown and social isolation ends and clinical services need to be prepared for a future spike in demand, according to the authors of a new rapid review into the long-term mental health effects of lockdown. The research, which draws
A harmonization of ‘big data’ in examining long-term outcomes with contemporary treatment for pediatric and adult Hodgkin lymphoma patients is yielding a new approach to inform future clinical trial design and enhance clinical decision-making. Results are being shared as part of a poster presentation at the virtual American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting taking
Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.May 29 2020 Scientific studies suggest that children with birth defects are at increased risk of cancer. However, it has not been assessed whether the type of cancer, the age at which they are diagnosed or the extent of cancer spread at the time of diagnosis, is different for children with